State Tree of Alabama

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Southern Longleaf Pine Southern Longleaf Pine Public Domain

The official state tree of Alabama is the Southern Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Miller). The longleaf pine is mainly found in the lower two thirds of Alabama and can be identified by it's long needles which are about 12 inches long, the longleaf pine has a cone that is around seven inches long.  The tree is mostly found in well drained sandy soil and grows to a height of 150 feet and a diameter of up to four feet.

The Alabama Legislature designated the longleaf pine as the Official State Tree in 1997, prior to that the state tree was named as the Southern Pine from 1949-1997 but since there are so many pine trees in Alabama the longleaf pine was singled out as the state tree.